"> The Volcanic History of Taranaki / PG:7


also swept 3 k III northwards across the western slopes of the Pouakai Rang' (Druce J 970, p.S3). This was followed 150 years later by the .ruption of the Burrell Lapilli which was an air-fall pumice (Topping 1972). Maori ovens (umu) have been found beneath both these eruptives. About 450 years ago the present summit of Mount Egmont, a tholoid (volcanic dome within a crater) was also emplaced. The last eruption on Egmont occurred about 1750 A.D.
In the intervals between the latest short-lived eruptions, Egmont has also suffered severe erosion probably due to heavy rainstorms.

The loosely jointed lava flows, some resting on loose gravel, are relatively unstable and at least 11 debris flows have originated over the last 400 years from minor lava flow collapses. The western crater rim was the source for a number of these flows. Following the 1500 A.D. eruptions, debris washed down Stony River in a large flood covering 15 km2 of what is now valuable farmland in the Okato district. The latest debris flow occurred about 100 years ago and reduced the native bush to ground level from Pyramid Stream to the Park boundary.
Indeed, Egmont is no extinct volcano but merely an active one in a present-day state of quiescence.

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